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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 265-269

A clinical study of anterior uveitis at India


Department of Ophthalmology, Jaipuriya Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pawan Jarwal
Department of Ophthalmology, Jaipuriya Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_89_20

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Purpose: To evaluate the etiological pattern, treatment, and its outcome and complications of anterior uveitis. Uveitis, a complex intraocular inflammatory disease, results from several etiological entities. The cause of inflammation might be an infectious agent or trauma, but in most cases, the underlying mechanism appears to be autoimmune in nature.[1] Methods: A prospective clinical study was done in the department of ophthalmology at a general hospital in Jaipur, during July 2017 to June 2018. All patients between 20 and 80 years of age clinically presenting with anterior uveitis were studied. A thorough clinical evaluation followed by investigations was done to determine etiology. Patients were put on specific and nonspecific treatment and were followed up for a period of 6 months. Complications were noted. Results: The etiology of uveitis remained unknown in most cases (42%). The most common cause was observed to be blunt trauma (20%) followed by phacolytic (12%). Most cases responded well to treatment. The most common complication was posterior persistent synechiae (23.64%), and cataract was the second common (14.54%). Conclusion: Etiological diagnosis remains undetermined in majority of cases. A thorough examination and investigation is required in each case to facilitate a final diagnosis. Prompt treatment ensures good visual outcome. Ocular morbidity is common in chronic and recurrent cases.


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