|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 324-325
Photo quiz answers
Jiz Mary Santhosh, Niranjan Karthik Senthil Kumar
Department of Ophthalmology, RIOGOH, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Submission||16-May-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||22-May-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||09-Sep-2021|
Dr. Jiz Mary Santhosh
Guest House, Sri Ramachandra University Campus, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Santhosh JM, Senthil Kumar NK. Photo quiz answers. TNOA J Ophthalmic Sci Res 2021;59:324-5
| Answer 1|| |
There is subarachnoid hemorrhage with intraventricular extension, in the axial plain computed tomography head section [Figure 1] seen as hyperdense blood in the perimesencephalic cistern (*) and right temporal horn (^) of lateral ventricle. There is also associated hyperdense blood density within the right globe, suggestive of dense preretinal hemorrhage and Terson syndrome.
|Figure 1: Computed tomography brain showing hyperdense blood in the perimesencephalic cistern (*) and right temporal horn (^) of lateral ventricle|
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| Answer 2|| |
Voretigene neparvovec or Luxturna™ (Spark Therapeutics) is adeno-associated virus 2 vector-based gene therapy which was Food and Drug Administration approved in 2017 and has proved benefits in the treatment of confirmed cases of biallelic RPE65 mutation with viable retinal cells. The medication is administered as a single dose subretinal injection.
| Answer 3|| |
Answer: Benedictos Adamantiades, a Greek Ophthalmologist, hence Behçet's disease was actually described first by an ophthalmologist.
| Answer 4|| |
Ross syndrome is a progressive, degenerative, and autonomic nervous system disorder. The disease comprises classical triad of Adie's tonic pupil, decreased or diminished tendon reflexes, and sweating disorders, especially anhidrosis. However, basic objective sign is hyperhidrosis, which is often revealed by a segmental compensatory. Although other autonomic disturbances occur in addition to this, they are quite rarely symptomatic. Hyperhidrosis in autonomic disturbances is expressed to be compensatory over-response of endocrine glands remained from postganglionic injury.
| Answer 5|| |
Nonossifying fibroma of the orbit
Nonossifying fibromas are very common in children and adolescents, and the most common fibrous, bony lesion in this age group, with a peak incidence at 10–15 years of age. The prevalence is estimated at 30%–40% of all normal children. Nonossifying fibromas are typically multiloculated lucent lesions with a sclerotic rim.
| Answer 6|| |
Exorbitism can result from craniosynostosis or premature closure of the cranial skull sutures of the neonate. These phenomena are described as syndromic exorbitism in contrast with nonsyndromic exorbitism wherein no underlying cause can be found in the patient's medical history.
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